When NAC lost the Federation struggle, Dr Banda got frustrated and said that he had resigned from politics. He left London and arrived in Gold Coast on 28 August 1953 (Brody n.d, p.72).
In Gold Coast, he just started farming and run some clinic even after Kwame Nkrumah asked him to get better job in government the following day on 29 August. Dr Banda responded that he needed to stay away from the face of politics because he had resigned. Therefore farming in some distant place would do for him. (Brody n.d, p.73).
While Dr Banda was farming in some remote place which can be likened to Chikwawa, the NAC was busy in Nyasaland reorganizing and strategizing to fight for independence from the Federation and Britain.
On March 6 1957, TDT Banda President of NAC arrived in Accra to attend the Independence celebration of Ghana. He met with Dr Banda and persuaded him to return to Nyasaland. He showed him a letter of invitation from NAC ( Brody n.d, p.75).
But Dr Banda had already given his terms and condition of joining NAC. He had already told Chipembere and Chiume that he was only going to join NAC if he was to be made President of the Congress. But this brought divisions in the NEC because other NEC members including Vera Chirwa wondered why Dr Banda said he wanted to join and become President when there Congress already had TDT Banda as President and his term of office had not expired. They argued that Dr Banda should just join as a member and contest at the convention for president of the party ( Chirwa 2007, p.17).
It was like for example; someone who retired from politics and is farming in Chakwawa has been approached to join a party but demands the vice presidency as a condition for his joining. He brings divisions and fights in the NEC because the party has a vice president already.
But Dr Banda was rich and influential so young guys in the congress who were very radical like Chipembere and Chiume formed the pro- kamuzu faction and fought for his way in. Upon his arrival, though he was only a mere member of the Congress, they made sure that Dr Banda was treated like a President of NAC already and gave him too much power so that could he sail easily at the Convention which was to take place a month later in August.
In order to suppress competition against Banda towards his candidacy, a taskforce was formed within the NAC NEC which begun to isolate TDT Banda as President. They demonized him and later falsely accused him of many things including financial mismanagement in order to impeach him. TDT Banda got frustrated and resigned (Chirwa 2007, p.18). TDT Banda was from the North.
Unfortunately, NAC members that supported Dr Banda were short sighted and bad judges of Character. By demanding the presidency in NAC as a condition to join the congress, they should have known that Dr Banda was therefore power-hungry and overambitious. In the end, after Banda had gotten all he wanted in the NAC, he turned against all those that brought him to NAC and killed almost all of them. Those that escaped his fangs, died in exile.
The wise learn from history, but fools repeat mistakes.
Brody, D.(n.d). Biography of Dr Banda.
Chirwa, V. (2007). Fearless Fighter: An autobiography. Zedbooks. London